The biological section "The Importance of G. Gamow's Ideas for Biology of the 21st Century", 08/12/2019

An astrophysical conference is held annually at ONU. This year it was the sixth Gamow international conference “New Trends in Astrophysics, Cosmology and Radioastronomy after Gamow”, which was jointly held with the nineteenth Gamow summer school “Astronomy and beyond: Astrophysics, Cosmology, Gravitation, Cosmomicrophysics, Radioastronomy and Astrobiology", August 11-18 in Odesa.

The biological section "The Importance of G. Gamow's Ideas for Biology of the 21st Century", dedicated to the 115th anniversary of G. Gamov, was organized for the astrophysical conference by the Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biology, ONU for the first time.

Georgiy Antonovich Gamov made a significant contribution to the development of molecular biology, he was the first who described the problem of the genetic code. Based on publication of a double-stranded DNA helix model by J. Watson and F. Crick, G. Gamow supposed that the structure of proteins in cells, which consists of 20 basic amino acids, must be encoded in a sequence of four nucleotides that make up the DNA molecule. Based on arithmetic calculations, G. Gamov showed that when 4 nucleotides are combined by triples, 64 different combinations are obtained, which is quite enough to record hereditary information.

The speakers of the plenary part of the biological section were Professor Ernst Peter Fischer (Heidelberg University, Germany), Senior Researcher at the Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics of the National Academy of Sciences, Laureate of the Presidential Scholarship for Young Scientists, Ph.D. O.V. Savitsky (Kyiv, Ukraine), Corresponding Member of NAAS, Doctor of Biological Sciences S. V. Chebotar - Head of the Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Mechnikov National University of Odesa (Odesa, Ukraine), Leading Researcher at the D.K. Institute of Microbiology and Virology Zabolotnogo NAS, Doctor of Biological Sciences O.N. Gromozova, (Kyiv, Ukraine).

The section was attended by more than 30 scientists from Ukraine, Germany and Belarus, among whom there were many young talented scientists. The section heard and discussed 10 scientific reports representing the results of studies carried out in 13 leading scientific institutions of Ukraine, Belarus, Austria. Abstracts of scientific reports will be published in the Odesa National University Herald. Biology.


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