Department of General and Marine Geology

Head of the Department - Yanko Valentina Venediktovna 

Department Staff

Faculty:

  • Yanko Valentina Venediktovna, Full Professor, Doctor of Geological-Mineralogical Sciences 
  • Chepyzhko Alexander Valentinovich, FullProfessor, Doctor of Geological Sciences 
  • Kadurin Vladimir Nikolayevich, professor, PhD in Geology and Mineralogy
  • Fedoronchuk Natalia Aleksandrovna, Associate Professor, PhD in Geology 
  • Kravchuk Anna Olegovna, Associate Professor, Candidate of Geological Sciences
  • Kravchuk Oleg Petrovich, Associate Professor, PhD in Geology and Mineralogy
  • Suchkov Igor Alexandrovich, Associate Professor, PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Educational Support Staff:

  • Matkovskaya Tatiana Fedorovna, Senior Laboratory Technician
  • Yaremenko Tatiana Sergeevna, Engineer

Staff of Mineralogical Museum:

  • Usenko Valery Pavlovich, Director
  • Kandyba Galina Ivanovna, Specialist
  • Loseva, Lyubov’ Yurievna, Laboratory Assistant

Staff of Paleontological Museum:

  • Podoplelova, Natalia Georgievna, Director
  • Larchenkova, Aleksandra Grigor’evna, Technician
  • Grabovaya, Galina Fedorovna, Engineer
  • Kondariuk, Tetiana Olegivna

mar geo staff

From left to right: First row Galina Kandyba (employee of the Geological Museum), Prof. Alexander Chepizko, Prof. Valentina Yanko, Assoc. Prof. Oleg Kravchuk, Assoc. Prof. Natalia Fedoronchuk; upper row: Valery Usenko (Director of the Geological Museum), Tatiana Matkovskaya (tachnician), Inna Mudryk (PhD student), Peter Kondratenko (employee of the Geological Museum), Natalia Podoplelova (Director of the Paleontological Museum), Assoc. Prof. Anna Kravchuk, Alexandra Larchenkova (employee of the Paleontological Museum), Tatiana Yaremenko (engineer), Assoc. Prof. Igor Suchkov, Galina Grabovaya (employee of the Paleontological Museum), Tatiana Kondaryuk (employee of the Paleontological Museum), Prof. Vladimir Kadurin

Specializations:

Department of Physical and Marine Geology provides full-time training for highly qualified Bachelors and Specialists in Geology, with two Geology specializations in “Mineral Resources of the Seabed and Ocean Floor” and “Ecological-Geological Survey and Monitoring.”

Graduates of the Department are employed within their areas of expertise in governmental regional geological enterprises, centers of geological and environmental services, research and development of specialized organizations, as well as teachers of geological and environmental disciplines at universities and secondary specialized educational institutions.

Specialization “Geology and Mineral Resources of the Seabed and the Ocean Floor”

  1. Coastal and Marine Lithodynamic of Placer Formation
  2. Geology and Mineral Deposits of the Black Sea
  3. Marine Geomapping
  4. Ocean Sedimentogenesis
  5. Quaternary Stratigraphy of the Black Sea Sediments

Specialization “ Ecological-Geological Survey and Monitoring”:

  1. Technogenic Fields and Geotoxicometry
  2. Exogenous Processes on the Territory of Ukraine 
  3. Field Methods in Environmental-Geological Investigations
  4. Environmental Geology of Odessa County and Urbanized Areas
  5. Environmental-Geological Mapping

Historical  information

The Department of Geology was founded in the early 1880s. Since 1971, the department has been called the Department of Physical and Marine Geology. 

The paleontological-stratigraphic branch was developed at the end of the XIXth and beginning of the XXth centuries by such scientists as A.K. Alekseev, E.A. Gaponov, A.N. Krischtaphovich, V.I. Krokos, V.D. Laskarev, K.A. Przhemyskiy, I.Ph. Sintsov, and I.L. Khomenko. Professor N.A. Golovkinsky led the petrographic-mineralogic branch from 1871 to 1886, and he was the first to introduce the idea of geological facies in geology. Later, this branch was developed by graduates of the university, such as R.A. Prendel and M.D. Sidorenko.

Classes in geology were resumed in the 1930s, and the departments of Geology, Paleontology, Mineralogy, and Petrography were established in the 1940s. The petrologic-mineralogic branch was revived in the 1950s by docent L.I. Pazyuk, who studied сrystalline rocks of the Middle Pobuzh`e. Study of minerals and ore deposits in the Ukrainian shield was begun at the end of the 1960s, which led to the determination of the mineralogical composition of rare and noble metal ore occurrences (I.V. Nosyrev, V.N. Kadurin, V.M. Robul, A.V. Chepizhko, and others). 

Traditionally, the department’s paleontological studies were being carried out by I.A. Odintsov, V.V. Yanko, B.B. Mukha, and others under the supervision of Prof. I.Ya. Yatsko. In the early 1980s, this branch was headed by Prof. S.A. Moroz, and thereafter by Prof. V.V. Yanko. Micropaleontological foundations of stratigraphy and paleogeography within Quaternary sediments of the Southern Seas of the USSR was a new branch developed in the department from the beginning of the 1970s (V.V. Yanko, N.M. Ilnitskaya, and others).

Investigative work into oil and gas deposits on the northwestern Black Sea shelf based on gas-geochemical methods, has been ongoing since the end of the 1960s under the supervision of Docent G.G. Tkachenko. 

Stratigraphic, tectonic, and paleogeographic studies of the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic sedimentary basins of the Northern Prichernomor`e and the Black Sea shelf have been under way since the 1970s with the goal of oil-and-gas prospecting (I.N. Sulimov, E.P. Larchenkov, S.A. Moroz, V.V. Yanko, and others).

The Applied Research Laboratory of Marine Geology and Geochemistry was founded in 1978, and its staff has carried out research in the Indian and Atlantic oceans, and in the Black, Mediterranean, Caspian, and Northern seas.

The marine ecological-geological branch has become the dominant departmental section engaged in scientific research since the beginning of the 1990s. Ecological-geological investigations were provided by the department for oil and gas surveys on the Black Sea shelf, and a new method of tracing different types of pollution through the analysis of foraminifera and ostracoda was proposed and improved. For the first time, this method was tested in the Eastern Mediterranean and then in the Black Sea. 

New branches have recently appeared, such as the geological-ecological, the geotoxicological (V.N. Kadurin, O.P. Kravchyuk, E.P. Larchenkov, I.A. Suchkov, and A.V. Chepizhko), and the micropaleontological (V.V. Yanko and A.O. Kravchyuk). These branches are aimed at estimating the degree of anthropogenic influence on the natural environment. At the same time, studies of the formation patterns of shelf placers in the Black and Azov seas were started. The Azov-Black sea province of gold placers was discovered, and the mechanisms of fine gold accumulation on the shelf have been studied (V.P. Reznik, I.A. Mudrov, I.A. Suchkov, and N.A. Fedoronchyuk).

Among numerous scientific trends at the department, the geoarchaeological branch was developed in 2005 within the frame of the International Program of Geological Correlation under the auspices of UNESCO and the International Geological Union. This branch is being developed jointly with the Historical Faculty and the Department of Archaeology and Ethnology of Ukraine, and it is aimed at studies of the Caspian-Black Sea-Mediterranean Corridor that explore the influence of climate and sea- level change on human adaptive strategies during whole duration of the Quaternary and last 30 ka in particular.

Adress

Dvoryanskaya str., 2,Odessa, 65082
Reception (38-048)723-52-54
Phone/fax (38-048)723-35-15
Email:

 

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