Laboratory of Physics and Chemistry of Sorption Processes

Updated 17.09.2015

Laboratory of Physics and Chemistry of Sorption Processes

Head of laboratory V.V.Kutarov  

The Laboratory of Physics and Chemistry of Sorption Processes was established as a department of Physical Research Institute in September, 1971. Candidate of chemical sciences B.M. Kats was in charge of the laboratory until 2007. After him the direction was taken by V.V. Kutarov. Initially the laboratory activities were aimed at forming scientific base for solving problems of environment protection and providing safe working conditions for factory workers (protection from harmful substances in the atmosphere). Consequently the laboratory dealt with solving numerous practical problems connected with elaboration of new technologies, devices and substances.

The peculiarity of the laboratory is the study of low-molecular substances of adsorbents adsorption, natural and synthetic ion exchangers and proteins. It resulted in the elaboration of such methods that allow to make quantitative description of the phenomena defining peculiarity of ion exchangers activity in the process of sorption.

Nowadays these studies are being continued and the main efforts are concentrated on the development of the equilibrium gases and vapours low molecular substances adsorption by the adsorbents of different kinds, namely, by activated carbon, zeolites and synthetic ion exchangers. Such studies are essential in creating general theory of low molecular substances sorption by adsorbents of disordered structure. These studies have a great practical value due to smaller danger of the experiments.

A special attention has been paid to the study of rough surface relief influence on adsorption, as it is important to consider the effect of the surface to find out peculiarities of the adsorption on these surfaces. The second main direction of modern research is a study of possibility to use the important QSAR method (quantitative characteristic of surface-reactionary activity). It's used to work out and forecast adsorption parameters by means of computing description of their informational contents. The results obtained in this way have already given a possibility to define the role of individual atoms and functional groups of adsorbents in the process of their adsorption bonding. The results have also given a possibility to work out adsorbent parameters of many low molecular substances without carrying out any other extra experiments.

The obtained results have been partially summarized in three Ph.D. theses and published in scientific articles of Ukrainian and international journals. Some results of the carried studies were the topics of scientific reports at V, VI and VII Ukrainian-Polish symposia, namely "Theoretical and experimental studies of interfacial phenomena and its technological applications". They took place in 2000, 2001, 2004 respectively in the village of Sergeevka, Odessa region with the active laboratory employees' organizational participation.

The practical studies of the laboratory were concentrated on the development of new means of individual eye and respiratory protection as well as on creation of new devices and technology in the environment protection problems, particularly in atmosphere and water purification from harmful substances. The mentioned technology and devices having certificates of authorship of the USSR and patents of Ukraine were used at numerous plants of the former USSR and independent Ukraine. Among other developments water-purifying installation "Midiya-05" should be mentioned. It was used in the period from 1993 to 2006 in numerous organizations and business corporations of Odessa and Nikolaev regions.

Water-purifying installation “Midiya-05”
Water-purifying installation “Midiya-05” 
 
Further studies of the laboratory in the practical area were connected with the development of a new scientific direction in technology of new substances with given property – development of specific indicator adsorbents which change their colour in the course of harmful substances adsorption from air-gas mixture. This technology was based on the fundamental experimental results, obtained at the laboratory, as to setting the mechanism of inter molecular interaction of separate ion exchanges functional groups with low-molecular substances of acid and main types. Creation of up-to-date indicator adsorbents made foundation for development of numerous new devices and installations, first of all, for the new gas-mask indicating box of MKP-K and MKP-D types, as well as for physics-chemical filters of FXI type for sensitive gas sensors, which were successfully presented at several Ukrainian and international scientific technical exhibitions.
 
Indicator adsorbents
Indicator adsorbents 
 
The principal scheme of a gas-mask cartridge
The principal scheme of a gas-mask cartridge 
1,7-plug; 2-screw neck; 3-body; 4-initial layer; 5-exhaustive layer of adsorbent; 6-roof
 
Nowadays the main efforts of the laboratory in this area are connected with the advertising campaign organization, aiming at further indicator adsorbents implementation for filling different devices and means used in various fields of health protection, analytical chemistry and in space technique.
 

Basic publications for 1991-2007 y. : 

  • Кац Б.М., Кутовая Л.М., Кутаров В.В. Сорбция паров воды карбоксилсодержащим хемосорбционным волокном в различных ионных формах // Журнал прикладной химии. - 1991.- Т. 64, N 4. – С. 846-849.
  • Кац Б.М., Кутовая Л.М., Кутаров В.В. Кинетика сорбции паров воды анионообменными волокнами на основе целлюлозы и полиакрилонитрила // Журнал прикладной химии. - 1991.- Т. 64, N 8. – С. 1713-1716.
  • Кац Б.М., Кутовая Л.М., Кутаров В.В. Сорбция паров воды карбоксилсодержащим хемосорбционным волокном в формах двухзарядных катионов // Журнал прикладной химии. - 1992. - Т. 65, N 6. – С. 1303-1307.
  • Kats B.M., Kutarov V.V. Adsorption of the vapour of low-molecular substances by swelling polymers // Adsorption Science & Technology. – 1993. – V. 10, N 1. – P. 30-35.
  • Kats B.M., Kutarov V.V., Chagodar A.A. Applications of non-linear diffusion equations to the kinetics of water vapour adsorption by polymeric fibres // Adsorption Science & Technology. – 1993. – V. 10, N 4. – P. 269-275.
  • Кутаров В.В., Кац Б.М. Определение фрактальной размерности ионообменных волокон по данным адсорбционного эксперимента // Журнал физической химии. – 1993. – Т. 67, N 9. – C. 1854-1856.
  • Кутаров В.В., Кац Б.М. Применение теоретико-информационных индексов для описания теплот адсорбции галогенметанов на графитированной саже // Журнал физической химии – 1993. – Т. 67, N 6 – C. 1199-1200.
  • Кутаров В.В., Кац Б.М. Корреляция между термодинамическими параметрами и теоретико-информационными индексами органических веществ при их адсорбции из водных растворов на неполярных сорбентах // Химия и технология воды. - 1993. – Т. 15, N 1. – C. 29-33.
  • Кац Б.М., Стрикаленко Т.В., Длубовский Р.М., Попова Е.В., Гурская Н.В. Доочистка днестровской водопроводной воды с помощью бытового фильтра // Химия и технология воды. – 1993. – Т. 15, № 11-12. – С. 772-775.
  • Кац Б.М., Кутаров В.В. Расчет и прогнозирование газохроматографических индексов удерживания низкокипящих галогенсодержащих соединений с помощью топологических моделей// Журнал физической химии – 1994. – Т. 68, № 11. – С. 2057-2061.
  • Тарасевич Ю.И., Нечаев В.А., Руденко В.М., Иванова З.Г., Кац Б.М. Получение и свойства угольно-минеральных сорбентов // Коллоидный журнал. – 1995. - Т. 57, N 2. – C. 240-246.
  • Kats B.M., Kutarov V.V. Fractal Dimension of Polymer Sorbents // Langmuir. – 1996. – V. 12, N 11. – P. 2762-2764.
  • Кац Б.М., Стрикаленко Т.В., Попова Е.В., Длубовский Р.М., Нестеренко Н.П., Гурская Н.В. Оценка эффективности доочистки питьевой воды с помощью водоочистной установки средней производительности «Мидия-05» // Химия и технология воды. – 1996. – Т. 18, № 1. – С. 90-94.
  • Kutarov V.V., Kats B.M. Prediction of adsorptional Henry constants using the Corresponding States Principle // Adsorption Science & Technology. – 1998. – V. 16, N 1. – P. 1-4.
  • Kats B.M., Kutarov V.V. A modified BET equation for polylayer adsorption // Adsorption Science & Technology. – 1998. – V.16, N 4. – P. 257-262.
  • Кац Б.М., Длубовский Р.М., Кутовая Л.М., Авасапова А.Н., Макаренко И.В. // Украинский химический журнал. – 1998. – Т. 64, N 1. – С. 30-34.
  • Kats B.M., Kutarov V.V., Kutovaya L.M. Adsorption of water vapour by chemisorptive fibre with different counter-ions // Colloids and Surfaces. A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. – 1999. V. 157, N1. – P. 95-99.
  • Kutarov V.V., Kats B.M. Prediction of the Henry law constants for vapours organic molecules of the rigid pivot type // Adsorption Science & Technology. – 1999. – V. 17, N 4. – P. 295-301.
  • Kutarov V.V., Kats B.M. Using of the lattice model for description of isotherms of organic substances adsorption from water solutions // Adsorption Science & Technology. – 2001 – V. 19, N 4. – P. 273-278.
  • Czepirski L., Balus M.R., Kutarov V.V. Analysis of methane adsorption isotherms on active carbons // Annales UMSC, Sectio AA Chemia, 2001. - Vol. LVI. – P. 165-170.
  • Кац Б.М., Малышко С.А. Проблемы и перспективы обеззараживания сточных вод станций биологической очистки с помощью ультрафиолетового облучения // Вода и водоочистные технологии - – 2001. - №1. – С. 34-36.
  • Кац Б.М., Длубовский Р.М., Иоргов А.И. Особенности конструкции и опыт использования локальных водоочистных установок // Вода и водоочистные технологии - – 2002. - №1. – С. 37-45.
  • Staszczuk P., Sternik D., Kutarov V.V. Analysis of Energetic Heterogeneity of HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ Surfaces. Q-TG and Q-DTG data // Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry – 2002. – V. 69. – P. 23-36.
  • Staszczuk P., Kutarov V.V., Planda M. Total Heterogeneity of Al2O3 Surface. Programmed n-Octane Thermodesorption under Quasi-Isothermal Conditions // Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry – 2003. – V. 71. – P. 445-458.
  • Кутаров В.В. Модифицирование экспоненциальной изотермы для описания монослойной адсорбции на гетерогенной поверхности // Украинский химический журнал. - 2003. – Т. 69, № 10. – С. 87-90.
  • Кутаров В.В. Прогнозирование константы Генри на основе термодинамической теории подобия // Вісник Одеського національного університету. Хімія. - 2003. – Вип. 8. – С. 211-218.
  • Planda-Czyz M., Staszczuk P., Kutarov V.V. – Annals of Polish Chemical Society. – 2003. – V. 2. – P. 694.
  • Staszczuk P., Sternik D., Chadzynski G.W., Kutarov V.V. Characterization of Physicochemical Properties of High-temperature Superconductor Surfaces Using Nitrogen Adsorption // J. Alloys & Compounds. – 2004. – V. 367. – P. 277-282.
  • Kutarov V.V., Kats B.M. Prediction of Henry’s Law Constants Basing on the Corresponding States Theorem // Adsorption Science & Technology. – 2004. – V. 22, N 5. – P. 393-400.
  • Robens E., Dąbrowski A., Kutarov V. V. Comments on Surface Structure Analysis by Water and Nitrogen Adsorption // Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry. – V. 76. - 2004. – P. 647-657.
  • Кутаров В.В., Кац Б.M. Определение фрактальной размерности ансамбля адсорбированных молекул // Теоретическая и экспериментальная химия. - 2004. – Т. 40, № 3. – С. 140-144.
  • Кац Б.М., Пурич А.Н., Солдаткина Л.М. Адсорбция красителей и ПАВ на активном угле Фильтрасорб 300 // Украинский химический журнал. – 2005. - Т. 71, № 2. – С. 89-93
  • Кутаров В.В., Витюк А.Н., Кац Б.М. Изотермы монослойной адсорбции и модель неупорядоченной среды // Теоретическая и экспериментальная химия. - 2006. – Т. 42, № 3. – С. 189-193.
  • Кац Б.М., Длубовский Р.М., Шевченко В.Н. Индикаторные фильтры для газовых сенсоров // Сенсорна електроніка і мікросистемні технології. – 2006. - №.3 – C. – 101-112.
  • Солдаткина Л.М., Пурич А.Н., Кац Б.М. Адсорбция эмульгированной нефти из морской воды // Химия и технология воды. – 2006. - Т. 28, № 2. - С. 117-124.
  • Кац Б.М., Длубовский Р.М. Особенности пробоподготовки при сенсорном анализе топочных газов // Сенсорна електроніка і мікросистемні технології. – 2006. – № 4. – C. 61-66
  • Kutarov V.V., Robens E., Kats B.M. Universal dependence for polylayer adsorption isotherms description // Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry. – 2006. – Vol. 86, N 1. – P. 35-38.
  • Кутаров В.В., Барышев В.П., Кац Б.М. Новое приближение для описания изотерм ленгмюровской адсорбции с помощью функции Грэхема // Украинский химический журнал. - 2007. – Т. 73, № 6. – С. 100-104.
  • Information – theoretic indices usage for the prediction and calculation of octanol-water partition coefficient. Acta Polonial Parmacentica-Drug Rescarch. 2007. № 4. Р. 127-138.
  • Селективная сорбция паров воды из газовых смесей содержащих Н2S, SO2, NO2, NO и CO, на сульфостирольном катионите КУ-23 в различных ионных формах. Журнал прикладной химии. 2007. Т. 80. Вып. 6. С. 938-942.

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